How to talk to Monks in Thai | Monk Specific vocabulary

by | Aug 24, 2020 | Vocabulary, Thai

Thailand is a Buddhist country and Buddhism is ingrained in our culture in many ways. Festivals, holidays, architecture, books, and even in the language.

Thai people use different words when talking about monks. In Thai, monks are พระสงค์ (prá sŏng). For short, we just say พระ (prá).

Very well-respected monks that are grandfather’s age we call หลวงปู่ (lŭang bpòo) or หลวงตา (lŭang taa).

Monks that are well-respected that are father’s age we call หลวงพ่อ or หลวงลุง (lŭang pôr or lŭang lung).

Also, a very important thing to note is that the classifier for humans is คน (kon), but for monks, we use องค์ (ong)

Monk specific Vocabulary

Monk Specific Verbs

Here are verbs that we use when talking about monks.

ฉัน (chăn)to eat
ฉันยา (chăn yaa)to take a medicine
จำวัด (jam wát)to sleep
ทำวัตร (tam wát)to pray
ครองจีวร, ห่มจีวร (krong jee-won, hòm jee-wonto get dressed
นมัสการ (ná-mát-gaan)to pay respect
นิมนต์ (นิมนต์)to invite
ปลงผม (bplong pŏm)to shave the head
มรณภาพ (mor-rá-ná-pâap)to die
สรงน้ำ (sŏng náam)to take a shower
ประเคน (bprà-kayn)to give

Example Sentences:

  • I will (invite) monks to pray at my uncles funeral.
    chăn jà (ní-mon) prá maa sùat ngaan sòp lung têe sĭa chee-wít

  • The monk that (died) is a well-respected person. Thousands of people (paid respect).
    พระสงค์ที่(มรณภาพ)ไปเป็นคนที่มีคนนับถือมาก มีคนมา(นมัสการ)เป็นพันคน
    prá sŏng têe (mor-rá-ná-pâap) bpai bpen kon têe mee kon náp tĕu mâak · mee kon maa (namátsagaan) bpen pan kon

  • All the monks have to (shave their hair) and (get dressed).
    prá-túk-ong dtông bplong pŏm láe hòm jee-won

  • The monk teacher woke from (sleep) and then (took a shower).
    aa-jaan dtèun jàak (jam wát) láew gôr bpai (sŏng náam)

Monk Specific Vocabulary

Let’s learn more vocabulary when talking about monks

คำศัพท์ (kam grì-yaa)Words
จังหัน (jang hăn)food
อาตมา (àat-dtà-maa)when monks call themselves (“I” for monks)
โยม (yohm)when monks say ‘you’ to people (“You” for monks)
สีกา (sĕe-gaa)woman
อาพาธ (aa-pâat)to be sick
ปัจจัย (bpàt-jai)money
อาสนะ (àat-sà-ná)seat
กุฏิ (gùt)a place to stay (monk’s house

Example Sentences:

  • Monks that are (sick) have to rest at the (monk’s house)
    prá sŏng têe (aa-pâat) dtông non pák têe (gùti)

  • (I) am a monk, (you) are a (woman).
    (àat-dtà-maa) bpen prá (yohm) bpen (sĕe-gaa)

You should now know the necessary vocabulary to talk to and about Monks in Thai.

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